Francisco Salamone

Mun Guamini

Continuing with our non-conventional history of architecture, here is the work of Francisco Salamone (1897-1959) who was an Argentine architect who built most of his works between 1936 and 1940, including municipal buildings, town halls, cemeteries and slaughterhouses in almost 25 rural communities within the Buenos Aires Province.

Cem Saldungaray

In the wikipedia, we can read about Salamone’s works:

He became a good friend of Dr. Manuel A. Fresco, a conservative politician who was governor of the Province of Buenos Aires during the period 1936-1940. During Fresco’s term of office a large number of new municipal buildings were built and the roads, irrigation and communications networks in the province were largely improved. Although many of the new buildings were of little aesthetic value, those that Fresco commissioned Salamone were a notable and very personal combination of Art Deco, authoritarianism, functionalism, Italian Futurismo and propaganda on a vast scale. The use of reinforced concrete made it possible to construct buildings to a height that at that time made them symbols of municipal power and authority.

Luis Beltran

We can see clearly italian futurism influences in his work, like Antonio Sant’Elia’s designs. Don’t forget that Salamone was born in Italy (according to Ed Shaw) and in case he wasn’t, he was son of an Italian architect from Catania [Sicily] and it’s normal that he knew about the Futurist Architects in his early years as a student.

But, which was Salomone’s style? He’s mostly related with the Art Deco, which emerged in reaction to the deviousness and excessive development of Art Nouveau, and also as a new aesthetic to celebrate the rise of mechanization. Its main feature is the use of clean lines, geometric shapes and Egyptian-inspired designs. As we can see in these images, Salamone worked on grand futuristic shapes with monumental proportions as a reminiscence of some 20s and 30s films like Metropolis by Fritz Lang. We can also see resemblances from the famous Einstein Tower built in 1921.

Luis Beltran 2

Mat Guamini4

Pastorino 3

Some great images at Salamone’s group in Flickr
and Esteban Pastorino Diaz web-site

PDF.ETE_01.pdf


About this entry